Published on January 25th, 2012 | by Duncan Riley0
7 Amazing Places To Visit In South America
1. The Galapagos Islands, Ecuador
Best known perhaps through documentaries, the Galápagos Islands and its surrounding waters form an Ecuadorian province, a national park, and a biological marine reserve.
Documented most famously by Charles Darwin in the 19th Century, the Islands offer an amazing and unique variety of wildlife unlike anywhere else in the world.
Getting there is not cheap, owing to travel restrictions and the remote nature of the archipelago. Flights come from Guayaquil or Quito airports, and only fly at limited times. That aside though, how many of your friends could say that you’ve visited the Galapagos.
The Incas started building the city around AD 1400, but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. It was unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham.
3. The Iguazu Falls, Argentina/ Brazil
Iguazu Falls are waterfalls of the Iguazu River located on the border of the Brazilian State of Paraná and the Argentine Province of Misiones.
There are two international airports close to Iguazú Falls: the Argentine Cataratas del Iguazú International Airport (IGR) and the Brazilian Foz do Iguaçu International Airport (IGU). Both offer connections to the falls, including taxi and bus tours.
Famously Eleanor Roosevelt once reportedly exclaimed that the Iguanzu falls was a “Poor Niagara,” and yet the falls are often compared with Southern Africa’s Victoria Falls which separates Zambia and Zimbabwe.
4. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Rio de Janeiro needs very little introduction. The city is famous for its beaches Copacabana and Ipanema, for the giant Jesus statue known as Christ the Redeemer on the Corcovado mountain, for the Sugar Loaf Mountain and… for its unequalled nightlife.
Whilst also somewhat known for its crime problem, sticking to tourist areas is usually fairly safe, and Rio de Janeiro continues to be a very popular destination for a reason.
It is covered by a few meters of salt crust, which has an extraordinary flatness with the average altitude variations within one meter over the entire area of the Salar. The Salar serves as the major transport route across the Bolivian Altiplano and is a major breeding ground for several species of pink flamingos.
Salar de Uyuni attracts tourists from around the world and local hotels are built from salt, the only natural material available in the area.
6. Moai statues of the Easter island, Chile
The large stone statues, or moai, for which Easter Island is world-famous, were carved from 1100–1680. A total of 887 monolithic stone statues have been inventoried on the island and in museum collections so far. Although often identified as “Easter Island heads”, the statues are actually torsos, with most of them ending at the top of the thighs, although a small number of them are complete, with the figures kneeling on bent knees with their hands over their stomachs.
Travel isn’t easy, with flights to Easter Island from Lan Airlines and, seasonally, subsidiaries such as Lan Peru.
The worlds largest forest at five and a half million square kilometers (1.4 billion acres), the Amazon offers some of the last untouched areas on planet earth.
There are a large variety of tours available from the nine different countries the Amazon extends into.